Study Materials

A collections of useful links and downloads

Always double check the status of the info with the latest official resources.
Consult an authorised professional or legal counsel before relying on the information presented.

Welcome to PCT.App !
TLDR: most advanced and comprehensive guide to PCT law & procedure
Update 10 Jun 22: Indexed EPC Guidelines available

Indexed EPO-EPC Guidlines

Patent Law (PCT)

1 Sep 21: updated State annotations, included key Paris Convention articles, added internal hyperlinks between parts, full-text search now available, legal changes of 1 July 21 added. See blog post for details.

PCT.App - online or printed book

PCT.App tackles the well-known problem that the Articles define only basic matter, and the Rules have become so convoluted that they are difficult to comprehend.

Combining knowledge from 10 years of teaching PCT, and the highly automated IP.appify platform, we have created a pioneering legal reference for IP professionals who wish to go beyond the guidance provided in official WIPO user guides.

For lawyers, patent attorneys & formalities officers. Crucial for daily practice and essential for European Qualifying Exam (EQE) students. Available in English & German..

Available online for those who prefer digital access and want to tailor the content with their own annotations and highlighting, and hide unwanted parts. Subscribers can make printable colour pdf's at any time, or use print-on-demand for a colour hardcopy. A fully-commented black-and-white paper book is also available.

PCT.App130 subjects are organized into 18 parts by merging the order of the Articles with the chronological order of the WIPO Applicant’s Guide. This mirris the life of a PCT application.

Each subject includes paragraphs from the most relevant provisions - less relevant parts are hidden or cross-referenced. All Articles & Rules are included at least once..

Legal texts and comments are displayed side-by-side. Standardized layout & marking is used to emphasize keywords, time limits, fees, languages, and legal consequences.

Extensive comments, internal cross-references and external lniks are assigned per paragraph. Overviews & explanation are provided for complex subjects such as priority, remedies, representation and filing date requirements.

It is sufficiently detailed for the EQE without further annotation.

PCT.App is in the cloud, and readable using any internet browser on your mobile phone or tablet. See here for examples of screenshots. It is searchable, with hyperlinks & cross-references to internal & external resources. For editing content, it is recommended to use a larger screen with a mouse & keyboard.

Legal updates occur automatically without disturbing your individual annotations, so there is no need to transfer your notes.

Order in English or German

  • Online (self-editable, colour):

Subscription (EN / DE)Yearly - IP.appify
  • 18x25cm book (50 or 90g paper, B/W):

Book (EN / DE)660 pages, 21mm or 38mm thick - IP.appify

Reviews:
- Nominee - IPKat Book of 2021 / Yellow Sheet (Nov 21) / Salted Patent (Apr 21)

- I passed EQE paper D by reading and tabbing the .app books!
- There is NO WAY I would have got through EQE-D if not for choosing EPC.app and PCT.app as my main texts
- A very clever idea to have a digital version to input your annotations with updates
- EPC.app and PCT.app helped me a lot in EQE Paper D - I did not even need to annotate it
- Pete's PCT.APP book saved me on EQE Paper D1
- I found it to be very good for EQE D exam. The plain language and keyword index made it work for me
- Being able to edit the contents to how I see fit was a surprisingly easy experience
- Organising PCT.App by subject in the order that an application would go through PCT gives an intuition that I haven’t found in other materials
- How convenient to have Till & Pete update your go-to EPC & PCT so they are always up to date
- Can´t recommend enough for EQE candidates as well as anyone in the profession
- I always had the material, with my own annotations, available online and as a printed book

Complete PCT Applicant's Guide

Applicant’s Guide (AG-IP & AG-NP) covers common issues, but tComplete PCT AGhere is a lot more available.

This book includes all the higher and lower levels of the WIPO Guidelines.

Useful for everyday use by attorneys & administrators. However, always double check the status with latest
resources and national patent offices before relying on the information.

It includes:

  • PCT States & Fee Table
  • AG-IP - Introduction to International Phase
  • AI - Administrative Instructions
  • Overview of available Applicant & Office forms
  • RO GL - Receiving Office Guidelines
  • ISPE GL - Intern. Search & Exam. Guidelines
  • AG-NP - Introduction to National Phase

All parts include our Detailed Table of Contents, page numbers, and indicates sections with major changes in last 3 years.

Recommended for EQE candidates - EPO-PCT Guidelines refer to sections of AI, RO GL, & ISPE GL. Answers at EQE should be supported by PCT Articles, Rules & EPO-PCT Guidelines (IPREE R.22) citations.

  • PCT Articles & Rules and EPO Guidelines are NOT included.
  • Book store entries include detailed content lists
  • Thin 50g "bible" paper is used to reduce thickness & weight. Contents are B/W. Printer is Pumbo.

Order 16 x 23cm book in English:

1 Sep 21756 pages, 2.7cm thick, 756gEQE22
1 Sep 22Expected to be on sale 1 Oct 22EQE23

1 Sep 2021 includes:

  • Very few legal changes in 2021, so many references from 2020 are still valid.
  • Treaty Memberships, Fees & Reservations: 1 Sep 21
  • Overview of forms: 1 Sep 21
  • AG-IP, AI, RO GL: 1 Jul 20
  • ISPE GL: 1 Jul 21
  • AG-NP: 6 Aug 20
  • New: Biological Deposits (Annex L), Overview of Reservations.

EPO as a PCT Authority

This book provides implementation details for PCT filing (RO), search (ISA, SISA), and examination (IPEA) before the EPO. It also covers PCT-Direct, EPO as a PCT AuthoritySupplementary PCT Search, regional entry into the European phase (DO/EO), and formalities after entry.

Useful for daily practice by those dealing with the EPO. It also includes references considered essential for EQE exam candidates.

Does not include: Articles & Rules or WIPO Guidelines.

It includes:

  • Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) and Validation procedures
  • OJEPO Decisions, Fees & Reductions for PCT
  • PCT Annexes for EPO as RO / (S)ISA / IPEA / DO-EO
  • PCT Applicant Forms & EP Entry Form 1200
  • Examples of PCT-related EPO communications
  • Euro-PCT Guide (EPG)
  • EPO-PCT Guidelines (GL/PCT-EPO)
  • EPO Guidelines (GL/EPO) – PCT part only (Ch. E-IX)

All Guidelines include our complete Detailed Table of Contents, page numbers, and indicate sections with major changes in last 3 years.

For answering exam questions, EPG helps with general parts and details are found in GL/PCT-EPO and GL/EPO. Answers should be supported by EPC/PCT Articles, Rules, GL/EPO, GL/PCT-EPO Guidelines (IPREE R.22) citations.

  • Book store entries include detailed content lists.

  • New this year: a modified layout by Ignacio Lobato, more fully using the page size, greatly reducing the total number of pages.

  • We offer a Study Edition, with thicker paper more suitable for intensive tabbing, annotating and highlighting. A Portable Edition is also available with thinner 50g "bible" paper to reduce thickness & weight.

  • Contents are B/W. Printer is Pumbo.

Order book in English (Status: 31 Oct 21):

31 Oct 21 (thick)Study: 21x30cm, 514 pages, 26mm thick, 80g paper, 1250g. With EPG 1 Jan 21 and GL/PCT-EPO 1 Mar 21.EQE22
31 Oct 21 (thin)Portable: 21x30cm, 514 pages, 17mm, 50g paper, 750g. With EPG 1 Jan 21 and GL/PCT-EPO 1 Mar 21.EQE22
1 Jul 22EPG 1 Jan 22 will only be available in May 22.EQE23

PCT Global Reference - Part (1) & (2)

WIPO does Part (1): Overviewsnot provide paper versions of their Applicant’s Guidelines and Annexes, preferring to keep their website up-to-date. For daily practice, some practitioners may prefer an abbreviated paper version with useful overviews, and the most frePart (2): Selected Annexesquently needed PCT implementation details.

For PCT exam candidates, it is essential to have details from the Applicant’s Guide available. For example, legal questions are regularly directed to competent ISA’s, national entry, and fees due on filing. Although the e-EQE will be held online, the WIPO website and PCT Applicant’s Guide will not be available electronically during the exam.

For EQE Candidates:
The official WIPO EQE version is 2150 pages, and most of it will not be used. This abbreviated version adequately covers what could be asked. Additionally, many of our useful PCT overviews are included to make answering efficient.

It is split in two parts:

Part (1): Overviews

  • Treaty membership, legal reservations, entry deadlines, fees, applicant forms, DAS, PPH, restoration of priority, international exhibitions, excusing delays, security restrictions, biological deposit indications.
  • Latest versions of AG-IP and AG-NP, with our Detailed Table of Contents

Part (2): Selected Annexes

  • Info for European Offices, and from the most used PCT Offices (top 10 RO's and top 10 DO/EO's). Complete National chapters (without forms) included for top 10 DO's/EO's. WIPO Agreements for all IP5 States.

New: overviews of States combined, legal reservations with explanations included from PCT.App, EPO-specific info moved to "EPO as a PCT Authority" book, full national chapters cover top 10 DO/EO's & regional offices, PCT Practical Advices added on non-unity, erroneously-filed parts and delaying entry.

  • Book store pages include detailed content lists
  • New this year: EPO-specific info moved to separate "EPO as a PCT Authority" book, coverage of other offices improved.
  • Thin 50g "bible" paper is used to reduce thickness & weight. Contents are B/W. Printer is Pumbo.

Order 16x23cm books (Eng):

Both parts must be added separately to basket:

31 Oct 21Part (1): Overviews: 476 pages, 18mm thick, 475g. With AG-IP Jul 20 & AG-IP Aug 20 (no update by WIPO in 2021).EQE22
31 Oct 21Part (2): Selected Annexes: 714 pages, 28mm thick, 700g. EQE22
31 Oct 22Expected to be on sale 30 Nov. 22EQE23

Free download (Eng):

  • Conditions = Attribution, Non-Commercial Use, No Derivatives.

  • kopi luwak!If it helps, maybe buy me a kopi luwak. Thx!

31 Oct 21 5MB
Part 1: Overviews
Direct or GoogleEQE22
31 Oct 21 6MB
Part 2: Selected Annexes
Direct
or Google
EQE22
31 Oct 22 Expected Jan 23EQE23

Patent Law (EPC)

EPC.App - online or printed book

EPC.App is an up-to-date annotated European Patent Convention, designed to optimize finding the most relevant information.

It is suitable for daily practice, and for EQE candidates. A knowledgable IP professional can quickly scan & find the legal points they need.

Using their own EQE materials and the online legal platform IP.appify, the authors have carefully selected and abbreviated their comments & references. So, candidates should prepare by using it extensively to answer legal questions, so that the annotations trigger the correct knowledge at the exam..

The ordEPC.Apper of the Articles is adopted, followed by the most relevant Rules.

All articles, rules and protocols of the EPC as well as the Rules relating to Fees are fully reproduced. References between provisions are commented & annotated. Summaries from the Examination Guidelines, Official Journal articles and case law are included.

Standardized layout & marking is used to emphasize keywords, time limits, fees, languages, and legal consequences, either in black & white (printed book) or color (online).

Legal texts and comments are displayed side-by-side. Selected comments are assigned per paragraph with internal cross-references & external links.

Subscribers can digitally navigate up-to-date legal texts on their mobile devices, and further shape the materials by adding / hiding legal texts & comments. No need to transfer notes when the law is updated.

A print-on-demand service is available to order personally customized color paperbacks.

Order in English or German

  • Online (self-editable, colour):

subscription (EN / DE)Yearly - IP.appify
  • 17x24cm book (90g paper, B/W):

(EN / DE)420 pages, 2.4cm thick

Reviews:
- Nominee - IPKat Book of Year (2021) / Yellow Sheet (Nov 21) / Salted Patent (Apr 21) / Nominee - IPKat Book of Year (2020) / Salted Patent (Jul 19)

- I passed EQE paper D by reading and tabbing the .app books!
- There is NO WAY I would have got through EQE-D if not for choosing EPC.app and PCT.app as my main texts
- A very clever idea to have a digital version to input your annotations with updates
- EPC.app and PCT.app helped me a lot in EQE Paper D - I did not even need to annotate it
- Being able to edit the contents to how I see fit was a surprisingly easy experience
- How convenient to have Till & Pete update your go-to EPC & PCT so they are always up to date
- Still sufficently concise, so that unlike a full-blown commentary, I had everything at my fingertips during the exam
- Can´t recommend enough for EQE candidates as well as anyone in the profession
- I always had the material, with my own annotations, available online and as a printed book
- By consistently preparing and practicing questions with EPC.app as my entry point, I got better insight than those who relied on table books

Indexed EPO-EPC Guidelines & Unitary Patent Guide (EN)

This book covers EPO procedures during filing, search, examination, grant & opposition of EPC and Euro-PCT applicatioIndexed EPO-EPC Guidelinesns.

Includes the complete official GL/EPO (EPO/EPC Guidelines), which are essential for exam candidates, and for professionals dealing with EPO applications in their daily life.
It also contains the EPO Unitary Patent Guide, which outlines how to get an EU patent (expected to be available from early 2023).

It includes:

  • Our Detailed Table of Contents
  • Complete official EPO Guidelines (GL/EPO)
  • Official Index for Computer-Implemented Inventions (CII's)
  • Official Alphabetical Keyword Index
  • Official List of Sections Amended
  • Complete Unitary Patent Guide

Does not include EPC Articles & Rules or PCT-specific materials.

The official indexes per part have been replaced by our combined Detailed Table of Contents at the front, with page numbers, and indicating sections with major changes in last 3 years.

Legal citations & references are underlined, making them easier to spot. Answers at EQE based on EPC Guidelines should be supported by EPC Articles, Rules, GL/EPO Guidelines (IPREE R.22) citations.

  • Book store entries include detailed content lists
  • New this year: EPO's Unitary Patent Guide (Apr 2022) added.
  • We offer a Study Edition, with thicker paper more suitable for intensive tabbing, annotating and highlighting
  • A Portable Edition is also available with thinner 50g "bible" paper to reduce thickness & weight.
  • Contents are B/W. Printers are for EU is Pumbo (EU) & Amazon (non-EU).

Order book in English:

Mar 222022 portable edition: 21x30cm, 532 pages, 17mm thick, 50g paper, 825g.
On sale from 12 Jun 2022.
EQE23
Mar 222022 study edition:
21x30cm, 532 pages, 28mm thick, 80g paper, 1375g.
EQE23
AU, CA, JP, UK, US2022 study edition: 21.6x28cm, 532 pages, 31mm thick, 90g paper, 1550gEQE23

National Law & Validation (retired)

EPO does not provide their National Law tables on paper. Previously, we created a yearly printable version based upon the EPO html pages, but this has become too difficult to generate.

For daily practice, the national requirements change frequently, so always consult the up-to-date EPO website, or equivalent national office resources.

For the EQE exam, National Law tables are still essential: legal questions regularly cover provisional protection, translation requirements and national annuities. But since 2021, the WISEflow interface has provided online access to www.epo.org during the e-EQE exam, such as:

Our other publication "EPO as a PCT Authority" includes our overview of EU states, showing accession to Paris Convention / EPC / PCT, PCT entry time limits, automatic validation status, and main translation requirements. Additionally, it now includes an overview of Extension & Validation-related OJEPO's, and flowcharts illustrating a validation procedure.

PCT Resources

To learn how PCT works, listen to these Learn the PCT videos, stop them regularly, and find the subjects in the PCT Applicants Guide.

EQE Blogs

Salted Patent Blog

Pete's tips & info to help trainee patent attorneys pass the EQE. Also on LinkedIn.

IP appify Blog  

IP appify's EPC/PCT/EQE Blog

Do Not Disturb Sign

For EQE2022 with exam schedule

For EQE2022 with exam schedule

EQE Calendars

For EQE2022 with time limit tips (as pdf)

For EQE2022 with time limit tips (as pdf/as xlsx)

EQE Courses

  • Maastricht University Courses
  • EQELIBRIUM Mock Camp

Recommended Printer

PUMBO provides printing services, including true Print-on-Demand. They also offer thin 50g/60g paper. Automated portal for uploading new books and a good customer service.

Formalities

Training for Administrators & Formalities

  • Hands-on: Essential PCT Formalities
  • Cross-over: Trademarks & Designs for Patent experts
  • Cross-over: Patents for Trademark & Design experts
  • In-depth Patents & Utility Models
  • In-depth Trademarks & Designs
  • Advanced PCT

PCT Resources

To learn how PCT works, listen to these Learn the PCT videos, stop them regularly, and find the subjects in the PCT Applicants Guide.

Patent Law History

Records of the Washington Diplomatic Conference on PCT (1970)

Between 25 May 1970 and 19 June 1970, the Washington Diplomatic Conference took place to finalise the text of the PCT.

We are simply providing a convenient printing service to make this useful document more easily accessible.No copyright is claimed - the text of this book is available for free download from the WIPO website. It is useful for anyone studying the PCT, and its history - on paper, it is more convenient to jump between the different sections.

As well as many comments from the delegations, it also contains the original text of the

PCT Diplomatic Conference (1970)articles and rules as entered into force on 1 June 1978.

Most useful are the notes by the WIPO giving some background, how each provision relates to the rest of PCT and cross-references between the corresponding articles and rules.

The indexes are also quite detailed, allowing discussions to be found about particular provisions.

The book has been reduced to 165 x 241mm. It is 844 pages, and printed in black and white on thin 50gr bible-paper. The printer is Pumbo. It has been made a little larger than A5 to improve readability.

No copyright is claimed - the text of this book is available for free download from the WIPO website

  • Order as approx. A5 book (17 x 24cm):

WDC-PCT (1970)2.9cm thick844 pages (865 gr)

Nothing in our training or study materials is to be considered as legal advice - our resources are intended for educational and informational purposes only. IP law is highly complex and continuously changing, so always double check the status with the latest official resources. Consult an authorised professional or legal counsel before relying on the information presented. In particular, the authors and Fireball Patents do not accept liability for the accuracy of the information or for any printing errors.